Anisakidosis
Korean J Helicobacter Up Gastrointest Res 2019;19(1):23-37
Published online March 10, 2019
© 2019 Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research.

Heung Up Kim

Department of Internal Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea
Correspondence to: Heung Up Kim
Department of Internal Medicine, Jeju National University Hospital, 15 Aran 13-gil, Jeju 63241, Korea
Tel: +82-64-717-1129, Fax: +82-64-717-1131, E-mail: kimhup@jejunu.ac.kr
Received June 10, 2018; Revised July 9, 2018; Accepted July 16, 2018.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research is an Open-Access Journal. All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Anisakidosis is a term that collectively refers to a human infection caused by larvae of the family Anisakidae. Because Anisakis simplex was the main cause, it was originally called anisakiasis or anisakiosis, but since other parasites such as Pseudoterranova decipiens also cause similar diseases, the family name is now used as the diagnostic name. Anisakidosis cases have been increasing steadily owing to the propagation of the Japanese raw-fish-eating culture, such as sushi and sashimi, around the world; the traditional raw-fish-eating habits of individual countries; the establishment of marine mammal protection laws; and the development of endoscopic diagnostic techniques. The disease continues to occur in Korea, where most human parasites are believed to have been eradicated and is probably the most common parasitic disease encountered in clinical practice. Anisakidosis is a disease associated with acute abdominal pain. Anisakid larvae can invade the entire digestive tract and abdominal cavity and cause abdominal pain and a variety of digestive system symptoms. Thus, the history of eating raw fish is very important for its differential diagnosis. The lack of a precise understanding of the pathogenesis and clinical course of this disease may lead to unnecessary surgery. Anisakidosis may also manifest as allergic symptoms. Therefore, it is necessary to understand anisakidosis from the perspective of public health, food hygiene, and preventive medicine.
Keywords : Anisakis; Anisakiasis; Food hypersensitivity; Host-parasite interactions; Raw foods


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