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Korean J Helicobacter  Up Gastrointest Res > Volume 16(4); 2016 > Article
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter  and Upper Gastrointestinal Research 2016;16(4):178-184.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7704/kjhugr.2016.16.4.178    Published online December 10, 2016.
New Oral Anticoagulants: General Features and Review of Pivotal Clinical Trials
Sung Won Jang
Department of Internal Medicine, St. Paul's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. Sungwon.jang@catholic.ac.kr
New Oral Anticoagulants란?
장성원
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 성바오로병원 내과학교실
Received: 8 November 2016   • Accepted: 29 November 2016
Abstract
For the last half century, vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) have been used for treatment and prevention of venous thromboembolism and stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, their fragile pharmacokinetics, need for routine laboratory monitoring and dose adjustments complicated the use of these drugs. Recently, new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have overcome the limitation of VKA therapy and shows favorable outcomes and better safety, especially for patients with intracranial hemorrhage, both in phase III clinical trials and real-world registry. Currently available NOACs are one thrombin inhibitor, dabigatran, and three Xa inhibitors, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban. This review covers the pharmacokinetics, published pivotal clinical trials, and dose adjustments in chronic kidney disease. The reimbursement criteria, discontinuation during elective surgical procedure, issues on reversal agents are also discussed.
Key Words: Thrombin; Factor Xa; Anticoagulants; Atrial fibrillation; Venous thromboembolism
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