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Korean J Helicobacter  Up Gastrointest Res > Volume 18(1); 2018 > Article
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter  and Upper Gastrointestinal Research 2018;18(1):3-12.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7704/kjhugr.2018.18.1.3    Published online March 10, 2018.
Clinical Review of Eosinophilic Esophagitis
Hyuk Lee
Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. leehyuk@skku.edu
호산구 식도염의 임상적 고찰
이 혁
성균관대학교 의과대학 삼성서울병원 내과학교실
Correspondence:  Hyuk Lee, Tel: +82-2-3410-3409, Fax: +82-2-3410-6983, 
Email: leehyuk@skku.edu
Received: 26 September 2017   • Revised: 16 November 2017   • Accepted: 19 November 2017
Abstract
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and eosinophil infiltration in the esophageal epithelium. The definition of eosinophilic esophagitis continues to evolve, most recently with the characterization of proton pump inhibitor-responsive esophageal eosinophilia. Diagnosis of eosinophilic esophagitis is based on consensus guidelines, but can be challenging because none of the symptoms, endoscopic findings, or histologic features are specific for eosinophilic esophagitis on their own. For treatment, either oral topical corticosteroids or dietary elimination therapy are reasonable first-line options. The choice will depend on both patient preference and clinician expertise. In cases with severe esophageal strictures, dilation is also performed. Proton pump inhibitors play an important role in current management.
Key Words: Diagnosis; Eosinophilic esophagitis; Therapeutics
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